Allergie Slides

PowerPoint Slide Presentation on Allergy:-

Milk allergy:-

A milk allergy is different from lactose intolerance. It is an allergic reaction to the protein components, such as casein, in cow’s milk. Usually, people who have a milk allergy must avoid all milk products. People with lactose intolerance can eat dairy products in varying amounts.

About 30% to 40% of infants who are allergic to cow’s milk are also allergic to the protein in soy formulas.

It is also called formula protein allergy.

Asthma in Children:-

Treatment of children with asthma should begin with the most aggressive therapy necessary to achieve control, followed by "stepping down" to the minimal therapy that will maintain control

Allergic Diseases:-

Learning Objectives:-

Identify symptoms, diagnosis and treatment courses for allergic and non-allergic rhinitis
Recognize signs, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of food allergy
Recognize signs, symptoms, and treatment for anaphylaxis
Identify mechanisms of drug allergy and its signs, symptoms, and treatment courses
Determine signs, symptoms, and treatment courses for stinging insect allergy
Determine diagnosis and treatment of urticaria and angioedema
Understand hereditary angioedema

Allergic Rhinitis:-

Rhinitis- definition
Inflammation of the membranes lining the nose
Characterized by nasal congestion, rhinorrhea, sneezing, itching of the nose, and/ or post nasal drainage
Allergic rhinitis- definition
Rhinitis that is caused by an IgE-mediated reaction to an aeroallergen

Other Allergic Eye Disorders:-

Atopic keratoconjunctivitis
Chronic inflammation of the eye (lower lid conjunctiva)
Severe itching burning, tearing
Associated with atopic dermatitis (95%) and asthma (85%)
Can cause anterior cataracts
Tranta’s-Horner’s dots- discrete swelling with white dots around iris

Allergic Conjunctivitis:-

Giant Papillary Conjunctivitis
Associated with contact lens use Symptoms of mild pruritus, abnormal thickening of conjunctiva, mucus stranding
Giant papillae and micropapillae on the upper tarsal conjunctiva
Reaction to foreign proteins on surface of contact lens

Allergic Rhinitis:-

Oral Allergy Syndrome
Occurs in 30-70% of patients with pollen allergy
Symptoms occur after oral mucosa contacts certain foods (fruits, celery)
Symptoms are itching of palate, throat, lips; may lead to angioedema in minority
Due to cross-reactivity between pollens and substances in certain foods